English Grammar for You

A Comprehensive Grammar Guide

ADVERBS AND ADVERBIALS

Adverb:  An adverb is a word that describes a verb.

Adverbial
: An adverbial is a word or a group of words or clause that functions as an adverb.

Example
: well, yesterday, in a good manner, with great support etc.

Difference between adverbs and adverbials

An adverb should be a single word such as here, there, late, loud, yesterday etc.

But an adverbial can be an adverb, a prepositional phrase, a finite clause or a non finite clause. It means all the adverbials are      adverbs but all the adverbs are not adverbials.
      
Forms of adverbials

Forms of adverbials can be divided as follows.

    Noun Phrase
1. I went home.
2. My father came yesterday.

    Adverb Phrase

1.He did it so very well.
2.Richard quite honestly
.
    Prepositional Phrase.

 1. I welcome with all my heart.
 2. Shankar cried at the top of his voice last night.

Finite clause

A finite clause functions as an adverbial when a finite clause does the work of an adverbial. It can be called an Adverbial finite clause.

Although he is poor, he likes to help others.
As I got through the examination I was presented with a new
shirt.

Non-finite clause

A verbless non-finite clause can function as an adverbial non-finite clause.

1. Considering the poor level of the Grade ten children, we decided to pay more attention to them.
2. Considering your appeal, they will help you in this case.
 
  Classes of Adverbials

    Adverbial of Manner
    Adverbial of Place
    Adverbial of time
    Adverbial of Frequency
    Adverbial of degree
    Adverbial of reason
                    
Adverbial of manner
It always talks about how something is done. It answers the   question How.

(Well, badly, fast, beautifully, wisely, in a good manner, at top of the voice)

Adverbial of Place

It always talks about where something is done or it answers the question Where.