Words are essential units in every sentence. According to modern Grammar, parts of speech are called word classes. The words of English Language have been listed according to the word classes. There are seven major word classes in English.
It is significant to recognize and identify the different types of the word classes in English, so that you can understand the grammar well.
Verb: (drink, cut, be, have, like)
Noun: (boy, game, February, kick)
Determiner: (a, an, the, many, much)
Adjective: (thin, smooth, happy, anxious, hot)
Adverb: (quickly, well, nicely, home)
Preposition: (at, in, on, with, for, to)
Conjunction: (and, because, but, or, if, when)
Main divisions of word classes
1. Open classes
2. Closed classes
When an unlimited number of words are added to a particular word class, it is called Open class.
book, boy, obedience, oil, water
go, drink, pay, do, cut, destroy
good, difficult, sincere, beautiful
successfully, carefully, tomorrow, always
When a limited number of words are added to a particular word class, it is called closed class.
be, do, have, shall, will, may, can, must, used to, dare, need, ought to etc.
he, she, it, they, some, this, that, everybody, none, etc.
there, have, do, like that, (went) home, yesterday, tomorrow
what, who, when, where, how old, how often, which how far etc.
Hi! Marvelous!, Hello ! ,Wow! Cheers! Hurray!
a, an, the
in, on, at, with, of, off, to, into, onto, for, under, near, through, along, across etc.
and, or, but, when, if, as, although, whether or, either, both and, while etc.
some, many, much, all, most, few, lot of, more etc.